Oral surgery refers to any surgical procedure performed on the mouth and jaw. Oral surgical procedures are usually necessary when there is a severe problem with your teeth, jaw, or gums. If you are afraid of dentists and are skeptical about undergoing oral surgeries, you need not worry anymore. With the advancement of technology, dental surgeries have become less painful, more precise, and more comfortable.
Different Types of Oral Surgeries
There are many types of oral surgeries, each with their own complexity and healing time. They include:
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- Dental implant surgery: Implants are tooth-like replacements for missing teeth. They are surgically placed in your jawbone using an incision to hold a titanium screw. It is then covered with gum tissue after healing.
- Root canal therapy: Root canal therapy involves removing the infected dental pulp from the tooth’s root canal cavity. It is one of the most frequently performed oral surgeries and can be done under local anesthesia.
- Extraction: Dental extractions refer to the removal of a tooth from the mouth. It is either due to an injury or a tooth that has decayed beyond repair.
- Gum Grafting: Gum graft surgeries are usually done after tooth extractions with insufficient gum tissue for proper healing. The gums are grafted with healthy tissue from other regions of the mouth or by taking tissue from elsewhere in the body and grafting it to the gums.
- Treatment of TMJ disorders: TMJ disorders refer to problems that affect your temporomandibular joint (TMJ), which connects your lower jaw bone to your skull. A dislocated TMJ can be treated using orthodontics or surgery by realigning your jaw bone and putting a plate on it to fix the dislocation.
- Dentures placement: Dentures are artificial replacements for missing teeth using acrylic denture base material and ceramic teeth that help to restore your smile and oral health after tooth loss or damage. They help to keep your face from sagging, make it easier for you to communicate, and restore chewing ability as well.
- Impacted wisdom teeth removal: Impacted wisdom teeth are abnormal teeth that grow sideways or towards the back of your mouth instead of emerging from your gums as other teeth do. If left untreated, they may cause oral infections or other complications such as pain and tooth loss.